Sun. Sep 22nd, 2019

A Farmer’s Guide to the 2020 Democratic Primaries

5 min read
A Farmer’s Guide to the 2020 Democratic Primaries

With less than six months until the Iowa Democratic caucuses, a small army of candidates is still vying for the chance to face off against President Donald Trump in 2020.

In order to help you navigate where some of them stand on agricultural issues, we’ll be compiling promises made by the top 10 candidates (according to the average of the latest national polls on RealClearPolitics).

We’ll update our guide as the candidates continue to roll out their platforms. Please let us know if we’ve missed anything by sending a note to info@modfarmer.com.

Former Vice President Joe Biden. Photo by Drop of Light/Shutterstock

Former Vice President Joe Biden

Biden has pledged to strengthen the country’s agricultural sector by “pursuing a trade policy that works for American farmers.” He says this would involve standing up “to China by working with our allies to negotiate from the strongest possible position.”

Biden has promised to expand a microloan program for new farmers, doubling the maximum loan amount to $100,000.

Some of his other promises include:
-Increasing funding to the Department of Agriculture’s farm ownership and operating loans.
-Working with small and mid-sized farms to develop regional food systems.
-Reinvesting in Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture to bolster agricultural research.
-Ensuring the agricultural industry achieves net-zero emissions by expanding the Conservation Stewardship Program.
-Strengthening antitrust enforcement to protect small and mid-sized farms.
-Expanding bio-based manufacturing through federal funding.
-Investing in research to develop biofuels.

Sen. Cory Booker. Photo by lev radin/shutterstock

Sen. Cory Booker

Booker has called for a moratorium on big agribusiness mergers (through the Food and Agribusiness Merger Moratorium and Antitrust Review Act) while Congress updates antitrust law. He has also pledged better enforcement of those laws.

Booker plans to introduce the Climate Stewardship Act in September. This bill would increase funding for existing programs that provide incentives to farmers for using regenerative methods like cover crops.

The New Jersey senator was also a co-sponsor on the Green New Deal.

(Booker has been a vegetarian since the 1990s and became a vegan in 2014.)

South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg. Photo by JStone/Shutterstock

South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg

Buttigieg has promised to revamp the enforcement of antitrust laws by doubling funding for it, requiring the Department of Justice to review all big mergers, and by launching investigations into the seed market’s recent mergers. He also said he will amend patent statutes to protect the right of farmers to replant seeds grown on their own land.

Buttigieg has promised to invest nearly $50 billion over 10 years in research to develop new innovations in soil technology, food safety and other areas. 

Some of his other pledges include:
Expanding programs that incentivize farmers to farm sustainably such as the Environmental Quality Incentives Program and the Conservations Stewardship Program, and to reduce administrative barriers to them.
-Supporting biofuels supporting the Renewable Fuels Standard “as written.”
-Expanding worker protections in federal employment and labor laws for farm workers.
-Launching a “Rural Opportunity Center” to streamline grant processes in rural communities.

Former HUD Secretary Julian Castro. Photo by JStone/Shutterstock

Former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Julián Castro

Castro recently announced an ambitious animal rights plan he says would raise animal welfare standards in factory farms. He has pledged to establish minimum space standards for livestock and poultry and to support funding for farms who participate in independent animal welfare certification programs.

Castro said he would oppose legislative efforts by certain state governments that have silenced whistleblowers. 

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard. Photo by Sheila Fitzgerald/Shutterstock

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard

Gabbard has made food self-sufficiency one of her ag priorities. She has voiced support for building food aggregation and distribution hubs as solutions. She also supports building permanent facilities to house farmers markets, incubator farms and farm-to-school programs.

In 2017, Food Policy Action recognized Tulsi, who is a vegetarian, as a top advocate for food policy. 

Sen. Kamala Harris. Photo by Maverick Pictures/Shutterstock

Sen. Kamala Harris

In early 2019, Harris reintroduced the Fairness for Farm Workers Act. The bill would require overtime pay for farm laborers and was co-sponsored by fellow presidential hopefuls and Senators Cory Booker, Amy Klobuchar and Elizabeth Warren.

Harris was also a co-sponsor of the Green New Deal.

Former Rep. Beto O’Rourke. Photo by Rich Koele/Shutterstock

Former Rep. Beto O’Rourke

As part of his climate change plan, O’Rourke has said he would provide farmers and ranchers with “unprecedented access” to technologies to profit from reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. He has also proposed expanding crop insurance.

During a recent candidates debate, O’Rourke supported paying farmers for regenerative practices like planting cover crops. 

Sen. Bernie Sanders. Photo by Gina Santa Maria/Shutterstock

Sen. Bernie Sanders

In May, Sanders released a sweeping agriculture plan that would break up big agribusiness and divert more subsidies to small and mid-sized farms. He proposed enacting “Roosevelt-style trust-busting laws” to stop the monopolization of markets and a moratorium of future mergers. 

Some of his other proposals include:
-Reestablishing and strengthening the Grain Inspectors, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA), the agency that oversees antitrust in the packing industry and has been gutted under the Trump administration.
-Ensuring farmers have the right to repair their own equipment
-Reforming patent law to protect farmers from patent lawsuits from seed corporations.
-Strengthening organic standards.
-Allowing meat slaughtered at a state-inspected facility to be sold across state lines.
-Classifying food supply security as a national security issue.
-Developing fair trade partnerships that do not drive down produce prices.
-Enforce country-of-origin-labeling to prevent companies from passing off imported meat as an American grown product. 
-Enacting supply management programs.
-Re-establishing a national grain and feed reserve.
-Transitioning to a system that would provide farmers with a guaranteed living wage.

The independent senator from Vermont was also a co-sponsor of the Green New Deal.

Sen. Elizabeth Warren. Photo by lev radin/Shutterstock

Sen. Elizabeth Warren

Warren released her own detailed plan in March, proposing to break up big agribusiness and to strengthen antitrust rules and enforcement. She has called for a new supply management system to replace the current subsidy system. 

The Massachusetts senator has promised to increase payments for sustainable farming methods through the Conservation Stewardship Program to $15 billion a year from $1 billion. 

Some of her other pledges include:
-Dedicating resources to develop innovations for decarbonizing the agricultural sector.
-Reinvesting in land grant universities
-Expanding the “Farm-to-School” program by “a hundredfold.”
-Increasing the funding for the USDA’s Local Agriculture Market Program to $500M a year over the next decade to fund food hubs and distribution centers.
-Establishing programs to assist heirs’ property owners to tackle the systematic dispossession of farm land in communities of color.
-Expanding access to credit and land for new and diverse farmers.
-Supporting a national right to repair law for farmers.
-Limiting foreign ownership of American farmland.
-Reforming country-of-origin labeling.
-Trade pacts will require imported food to meet domestic food safety standards.

Warren was also a co-sponsor of the Green New Deal. 

Andrew Yang. Photo by lev radin/Shutterstock

Andrew Yang

The centrepiece of Yang’s campaign is his universal basic income pledge. The proposal would see all adult Americans receive $1,000 a month in order to counteract the job losses from automation.

Yang hasn’t released any policies specific to agriculture yet.

 

The post A Farmer’s Guide to the 2020 Democratic Primaries appeared first on Modern Farmer.

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